Rigidity modulus: period 4

The rigidity modulus refers to the change of shape produced by a tangential stress.

image showing Rigidity modulus: period 4 periodic periodicity for period 4s, 4p, and 4d chemical elements

Units

GPa

Notes

The rigidity modulus is also referred to as the shear modulus. To convert GPa to Pa multiply by 109.

Data are largely from references 1, 2, and 3. Data for lanthanides were taken from reference 4. Some other data is in reference 5.

Literature sources

  1. A.M. James and M.P. Lord in Macmillan's Chemical and Physical Data, Macmillan, London, UK, 1992.
  2. G.W.C. Kaye and T.H. Laby in Tables of physical and chemical constants, Longman, London, UK, 15th edition, 1993.
  3. G.V. Samsonov (Ed.) in Handbook of the physicochemical properties of the elements, IFI-Plenum, New York, USA, 1968.
  4. D.R. Lide, (Ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.
  5. H. Ellis (Ed.) in Nuffield Advanced Science Book of Data, Longman, London, UK, 1972.

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