Ionization energy: 9th

Units

kJ mol-1

The 9th ionization energy of the element M is a measure of the energy required to remove one electron from one mole of the gaseous ion M8+

image showing Ionization energy: 9th: period 4sp periodic periodicity for 4s and 4p chemical elements

Notes

None

Literature sources

  1. J.E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter, and R.L. Keiter in Inorganic Chemistry : Principles of Structure and Reactivity, 4th edition, HarperCollins, New York, USA, 1993.D.R. Lide, (Ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.
  2. J.A. Dean (ed) in Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, 14th edition, 1992.

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