Ionization energy: 2nd


kJ mol-1

The 2nd ionization energy of the element M is a measure of the energy required to remove one electron from one mole of the gaseous ion M+

image showing Ionization energy: 2nd: group 13 periodic periodicity for group 13 chemical elements



Literature sources

  1. J.E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter, and R.L. Keiter in Inorganic Chemistry : Principles of Structure and Reactivity, 4th edition, HarperCollins, New York, USA, 1993.D.R. Lide, (Ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.
  2. J.A. Dean (ed) in Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, 14th edition, 1992.
  3. A.M. James and M.P. Lord in Macmillan's Chemical and Physical Data, Macmillan, London, UK, 1992.

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