Ionization energy: 12th

The 12th ionization energy of the element M is a measure of the energy required to remove one electron from one mole of the gaseous ion M11+

image showing Ionization energy: 12th: line graph  periodic periodicity in a line graph for the chemical elements

Units

kJ mol-1

Notes

None

Literature sources

  1. J.E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter, and R.L. Keiter in Inorganic Chemistry : Principles of Structure and Reactivity, 4th edition, HarperCollins, New York, USA, 1993.D.R. Lide, (Ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.

WebElements Shop

WebElements now has an online chemistry shop at which you can buy periodic table posters, mugs, T-shirts, games, molecular models, and more.

WebElements poster Periodic table t-shirts Periodic table mouse mats Molymod molecular model kits Chemistry educational resources