Electronegativity (Allen)

Units

Pauling scale

L.C. Allen suggests that electronegativity is the average one-electron energy of the valence shell electrons in the ground state free atoms. This means that values of the Allen electronegativity can be calculated from spectroscopic data. The values obtained correlate well with Pauling electronegativity and with Allred-Rochow electronegativity. The Allen electronegativity is given the symbol Χspec.

image showing Electronegativity (Allen): group 16 periodic periodicity for group 16 chemical elements

Notes

The Allen electronegativity is given the symbol Χspec. For the s- and p-block elements, then:

Χspec = (mεs + nεp)/(m + n)

where

  • m = number of s-electrons
  • n = number of p-electrons
  • εp = p ionization energy
  • εs = s ionization energy

Literature sources

  1. L.C. Allen, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 9003.
  2. J.E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter, and R.L. Keiter in Inorganic Chemistry : Principles of Structure and Reactivity, 4th edition, HarperCollins, New York, USA, 1993.

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