Boiling point


K (Kelvin)

The boiling point is the temperature at which the vapour pressure of a liquid is one atmosphere.

image showing Boiling point: period 7f periodic periodicity for the 7f chemical elements


Other temperature scales include the centigrade (Celsius) scale and the Fahrenheit scale. The size of one degree is the same on the Kelvin scale (K) as on the centigrade scale (°C). The zero point is different:

temperature (K) = temperature (°C) + 273.15

Thus, the melting point of water is = 0°C = 273.15 K and the boiling point of water is = 100°C = 373.15 K

On the Fahrenheit scale (°F), the melting point of water = 32°F while the boiling point = 212°F.

Therefore the degree size is different on the Fahrenheit scale with 180 Fahrenheit degrees = 100 centigrade degrees. Conversion between centigrade and Fahrenheit is achieved using the following relationship:

temperature (°C) = [temperature (°F) -32] * 5/9

Literature sources

  1. A.M. James and M.P. Lord in Macmillan's Chemical and Physical Data, Macmillan, London, UK, 1992.
  2. G.W.C. Kaye and T.H. Laby in Tables of physical and chemical constants, Longman, London, UK, 15th edition, 1993.

WebElements Shop

WebElements now has an online chemistry shop at which you can buy periodic table posters, mugs, T-shirts, games, molecular models, and more.

WebElements poster Periodic table t-shirts Periodic table mouse mats Molymod molecular model kits Chemistry educational resources