Manganese: geological information

Manganese is not found as the free metal in nature, however manganese minerals consisting of oxides, silicates, and carbonates are the common. Most Manganese is obtained from ores in Australia, Brazil, Gabon, India, Russia, and South Africa. Manganese nodules on ocean floors holds contain about 24% manganese.

Abundances of manganese in various environments

In this table of abundances, values are given in units of ppb (parts per billion; 1 billion = 109), both in terms of weight and in terms of numbers of atoms. Values for abundances are difficult to determine with certainty, so all values should be treated with some caution, especially so for the less common elements. Local concentrations of any element can vary from those given here an orders of magnitude or so and values in various literature sources for less common elements do seem to vary considerably.

Abundances for manganese in a number of different environments. Use the links in the location column for definitions, literature sources, and visual representations in many different styles (one of which is shown below)
Location ppb by weight ppb by atoms
Universe 8000 200
Sun 10000 200
Meteorite (carbonaceous) 2800000 920000
Crustal rocks 1100000 420000
Sea water 2 0.23
Stream 5 0.09
Human 200 23


Log abundance (by atom numbers) in our sun

The chart above shows the log of the abundance (on a parts per billion scale) of the elements by atom number in our sun. Notice the "sawtooth" effect where elements with even atomic numbers tend to be more strongly represented than those with odd atomic numbers. This shows up best using the "Bar chart" option on the chart.

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manganese atomic number