Titanium compounds: titanium tetrachloride

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The titanium in titanium tetrachloride formally is in the oxidation state 4.

Crystal structure of titanium tetrachloride

Titanium tetrachloride

  • Formula as often written: TiCl4
  • Hill system formula: Cl4Ti1
  • CAS registry number: [7550-45-0]
  • Formula weight: 189.678
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • titanium tetrachloride
  • titanium(IV) chloride
  • titanium chloride

Physical properties

  • Colour: colourless to yellow
  • Appearance: liquid
  • Melting point: -24°C
  • Boiling point: 136.5°C
  • Density: 1730 kg m-3 (liquid)

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in titanium tetrachloride
Element %
Cl 74.76
Ti 25.24

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of titanium:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of titanium tetrachloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the TiCl4 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Ti1Cl4

mass  %
186   7.6 ____
187 7.0 ____
188 80.3 ________________________________________
189 14.2 _______
190 100.0 __________________________________________________
191 11.0 ______
192 50.8 _________________________
193 4.1 __
194 12.5 ______
195 0.8
196 1.4 _
197 0.1
198 0.1

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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