Ruthenium compounds: ruthenium tetraoxide

ruthenium symbol icon

The ruthenium in ruthenium tetraoxide formally is in the oxidation state 8.

Crystal structure of ruthenium tetraoxide

Ruthenium tetraoxide

  • Formula as often written: RuO4
  • Hill system formula: O4Ru1
  • CAS registry number: [20427-56-9]
  • Formula weight: 165.068
  • Class: oxide


  • ruthenium tetraoxide
  • ruthenium(VIII) oxide
  • ruthenium oxide

Physical properties

  • Colour: yellow
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 25.4°C
  • Boiling point: 130°C
  • Density: 3290 kg m-3


Coming soon...

Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in ruthenium tetraoxide
Element %
O 38.77
Ru 61.23


Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of ruthenium:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of ruthenium tetraoxide

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the RuO4 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Ru1O4

mass  %
160  17.4 _________
161 0.0
162 6.1 ___
163 40.0 ____________________
164 39.8 ____________________
165 54.0 ___________________________
166 100.0 __________________________________________________
167 0.6
168 59.7 ______________________________
169 0.1
170 0.5


The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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ruthenium atomic number