Ruthenium compounds: ruthenium pentacarbonyl

ruthenium symbol icon

The ruthenium in ruthenium pentacarbonyl formally is in the oxidation state 0.

Ruthenium pentacarbonyl

  • Formula as often written: Ru(CO)5
  • Hill system formula: C5O5Ru1
  • CAS registry number: [16406-48-7]
  • Formula weight: 241.12
  • Class: carbonyl complex organometallic

Synonyms

  • ruthenium pentacarbonyl
  • ruthenium(O) carbonyl
  • ruthenium carbonyl

Physical properties

  • Colour: colourless
  • Appearance: liquid
  • Melting point: -22°C
  • Boiling point:
  • Density:

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in ruthenium pentacarbonyl
Element %
C 24.91
O 33.18
Ru 41.92

Synthesis

This was first made through the direct carbonylation of ruthenium metal with carbon monoxide at 1808C at 200 atm.

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the Ru(CO)5 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Ru1C5O5

mass  %
236  16.9 ________
237 1.0
238 5.9 ___
239 39.1 ____________________
240 40.8 ____________________
241 54.6 ___________________________
242 100.0 __________________________________________________
243 6.2 ___
244 58.3 _____________________________
245 3.4 __
246 0.7
247 0.0

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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ruthenium atomic number