Rubidium compounds: rubidium hydroxide

rubidium symbol icon

The rubidium in rubidium hydroxide formally is in the oxidation state 1.

Rubidium hydroxide

  • Formula as often written: RbOH
  • Hill system formula: H1O1Rb1
  • CAS registry number: [1310-82-3]
  • Formula weight: 102.475
  • Class: hydroxide

Synonyms

  • rubidium hydroxide
  • rubidium(I) hydroxide

Physical properties

  • Colour: pale grey
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 301°C
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 3200 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in rubidium hydroxide
Element %
H 0.98
O 15.61
Rb 83.40

Synthesis

It is formed by dissolving any of the rubidium oxides in water, followed by recrystallization. For instance:

Rb2O2(s) + 2H2O(l) → 2RbOH(aq) + H2O2

It seems to crystallize as the hydrate.

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the RbOH unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Rb1O1H1

mass  %
102 100.0 __________________________________________________
103 0.0
104 38.8 ___________________
105 0.0
106 0.1

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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rubidium atomic number