Phosphorus compounds: tetraphosphorus trisulphide

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The phosphorus in tetraphosphorus trisulphide formally is in the oxidation state .

Crystal structure of tetraphosphorus trisulphide

Tetraphosphorus trisulphide

  • Formula as often written: P4S3
  • Hill system formula: P4S3
  • CAS registry number: [1314-51-8]
  • Formula weight: 220.093
  • Class: sulphide

Synonyms

  • tetraphosphorus trisulphide
  • phosphorus sulphide
  • phosphorus sulfide
  • phosphorus trisulfide
  • phosphorus trisulphide
  • tetraphosphorus trisulfide

Physical properties

  • Colour: yellow-green
  • Appearance:
  • Melting point: 174°C
  • Boiling point: 408°C
  • Density: 2030 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in tetraphosphorus trisulphide
Element %
P 56.29
S 43.71

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of phosphorus: 3 coordinate: pyramidal
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of tetraphosphorus trisulphide

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the P4S3 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: P4S3

mass  %
220 100.0 __________________________________________________
221 2.4 _
222 13.3 _______
223 0.2
224 0.7
225 0.0
226 0.0

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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