Nickel compounds: nickel tetracarbonyl

nickel symbol icon

The nickel in nickel tetracarbonyl formally is in the oxidation state 0.

Crystal structure of nickel tetracarbonyl

Nickel tetracarbonyl

  • Formula as often written: Ni(CO)4
  • Hill system formula: C4Ni1O4
  • CAS registry number: [13463-39-3]
  • Formula weight: 170.734
  • Class: carbonyl complex organometallic


  • nickel tetracarbonyl
  • nickel(O) carbonyl
  • tetracarbonyl nickel

Physical properties

  • Colour: colourless
  • Appearance: liquid. Toxic.
  • Melting point: -25°C; -17°C
  • Boiling point: 43°C
  • Density: 1310 kg m-3


Coming soon...

Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in nickel tetracarbonyl
Element %
C 28.14
Ni 34.38
O 37.48


Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of nickel:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of nickel tetracarbonyl

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the Ni(CO)4 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Ni1C4O4

mass  %
170 100.0 __________________________________________________
171 4.6 __
172 39.4 ____________________
173 3.5 __
174 5.8 ___
175 0.3
176 1.4 _
177 0.1
178 0.0


The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

WebElements Shop

WebElements now has a WebElements shop at which you can buy periodic table posters, mugs, T-shirts, games, fridge magnets, molecular models, and more.

Periodic Table fridge magnets Periodic Table fridge magnets
Buy our periodic table fridge magnets here

WebElements poster Periodic table t-shirts Periodic table mouse mats Molymod molecular model kits Chemistry educational resources

nickel atomic number