Molybdenum compounds: molybdenum trichloride

molybdenum symbol icon

The molybdenum in molybdenum trichloride formally is in the oxidation state 3.

Crystal structure of molybdenum trichloride

Molybdenum trichloride

  • Formula as often written: MoCl3
  • Hill system formula: Cl3Mo1
  • CAS registry number: [13478-18-7]
  • Formula weight: 202.298
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • molybdenum trichloride
  • molybdenum(III) chloride
  • molybdenum chloride

Physical properties

  • Colour: very dark red
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 1027°C (decomposes)
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 3740 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in molybdenum trichloride
Element %
Cl 52.57
Mo 47.43

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of molybdenum:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of molybdenum trichloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the MoCl3 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Mo1Cl3

mass  %
197  34.2 _________________
198 0.0
199 54.0 ___________________________
200 36.6 __________________
201 69.3 ___________________________________
202 57.1 _____________________________
203 100.0 __________________________________________________
204 32.3 ________________
205 87.9 ____________________________________________
206 7.9 ____
207 39.6 ____________________
208 0.7
209 8.6 ____
210 0.0
211 0.7

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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molybdenum atomic number