Manganese compounds: manganese dichloride

manganese symbol icon

The manganese in manganese dichloride formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Crystal structure of manganese dichloride

Manganese dichloride

  • Formula as often written: MnCl2.4H2O
  • Hill system formula: Cl2H8Mn1O4
  • CAS registry number: [13446-34-9]
  • Formula weight: 197.905
  • Class: complex

Synonyms

  • manganese dichloride
  • manganese(II) chloride 4-water
  • manganese chloride 4-water

Physical properties

  • Colour: red
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 55°C (dehydrates to dihydrate)
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 1900 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in manganese dichloride
Element %
Cl 35.83
H 4.07
Mn 27.76
O 32.34

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of manganese: 6 coordinate: octahedral
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of manganese dichloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the MnCl2.4H2O unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Mn1Cl2H8O4

mass  %
197 100.0 __________________________________________________
198 0.2
199 64.8 ________________________________
200 0.2
201 10.7 _____
202 0.0
203 0.1

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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manganese atomic number