Magnesium compounds: magnesium sulphide

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The magnesium in magnesium sulphide formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Crystal structure of magnesium sulphide

Magnesium sulphide

  • Formula as often written: MgS
  • Hill system formula: Mg1S1
  • CAS registry number: [12032-36-9]
  • Formula weight: 56.371
  • Class: sulphide

Synonyms

  • magnesium sulphide
  • magnesium(II) sulphide
  • magnesium sulfide
  • magnesium(II) sulfide

Physical properties

  • Colour: white, red, or pale red brown
  • Appearance:
  • Melting point: >2000°C
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 2680 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in magnesium sulphide
Element %
Mg 43.12
S 56.88

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of magnesium: 6 coordinate: octahedral
  • Prototypical structure: NaCl (rock salt)

Crystal structure of magnesium sulphide

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the MgS unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Mg1S1

mass  %
56 100.0 __________________________________________________
57 13.4 _______
58 18.5 _________
59 0.7
60 0.6
61 0.0
62 0.0

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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magnesium atomic number