Magnesium: compounds information
This section lists some binary compounds with halogens (known as halides), oxygen (known as oxides), hydrogen (known as hydrides), and some other compounds of magnesium. For each compound, a formal oxidation number for magnesium is given, but the usefulness of this number is limited for p-block elements in particular. Based upon that oxidation number, an electronic configuration is also given but note that for more exotic compounds you should view this as a guide only. The term hydride is used in a generic sense to indicate compounds of the type MxHy and not necessarily to indicate that any compounds listed behave chemically as hydrides. In compounds of magnesium (where known), the most common oxidation numbers of magnesium are: 2.
The term hydride is used to indicate compounds of the type MxHy and not necessarily to indicate that any compounds listed behave as hydrides chemically.
- Magnesium dihydride: MgH2
- Magnesium difluoride: MgF2
- Magnesium dichloride: MgCl2
- none listed
- Magnesium diiodide: MgI2
- Magnesium sulphide: MgS
- Magnesium selenide: MgSe
- Magnesium telluride: MgTe
- Trimagnesium dinitride: Mg3N2
- none listed
- Magnesium dibromide hexahydrate: MgBr2.6H2O
- Magnesium nitrate hexahydrate: Mg(NO3)2.6H2O
- Magnesium sulphate heptahydrate: MgSO4.7H2O