Hydrogen compounds: water

hydrogen symbol icon

The hydrogen in water formally is in the oxidation state 1.

Crystal structure of water

Water

  • Formula as often written: H2O
  • Hill system formula: H2O1
  • CAS registry number: [7732-18-5]
  • Formula weight: 18.015
  • Class: oxide

Synonyms

  • water
  • hydrogen(I) oxide
  • dihydrogen monoxide
  • dihydrogen oxide

Physical properties

  • Colour: colourless
  • Appearance: liquid
  • Melting point: 0.00°C
  • Boiling point: 100.00°C
  • Density: 1000 kg m-3 at 4°C; 997 kg m-3 at 25°C

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in water
Element %
H 11.19
O 88.81

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of hydrogen: 1 coordinate: terminus
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of water

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the H2O unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: H2O1

mass  %
18 100.0 __________________________________________________
19 0.1
20 0.2

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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hydrogen atomic number