Germanium compounds: germanium tetrahydride

germanium symbol icon

The germanium in germanium tetrahydride formally is in the oxidation state 4.

Crystal structure of germanium tetrahydride

Germanium tetrahydride

  • Formula as often written: GeH4
  • Hill system formula: Ge1H4
  • CAS registry number: [7782-65-2]
  • Formula weight: 76.642
  • Class: hydride


  • germanium tetrahydride
  • germanium(IV) hydride
  • germane
  • germanium hydride

Physical properties

  • Colour: colourless
  • Appearance: gas
  • Melting point: -165°C
  • Boiling point: -88°C
  • Density: 3.4 kg m-3 (gas)


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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in germanium tetrahydride
Element %
Ge 94.74
H 5.26


Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of germanium:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of germanium tetrahydride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the GeH4 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Ge1H4

mass  %
74  59.1 ______________________________
75 0.0
76 77.0 ______________________________________
77 21.5 ___________
78 100.0 __________________________________________________
79 0.0
80 20.7 __________
81 0.0


The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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germanium atomic number