Gallium: digallium hexachloride

digallium hexachloride is known by the following synonyms:

  • digallium hexachloride
  • gallium(III) chloride
  • gallium chloride
  • gallium trichloride

The oxidation number of gallium in digallium hexachloride is 3.

  • Formula: Ga2Cl6
  • Hill system formula: Cl6Ga2
  • CAS registry number: [13450-90-3]
  • Formula weight: 352.162
  • Class: chloride
  • Colour: white
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 78°C
  • Boiling point: 201°C
  • Density: 2470 kg m-3

Synthesis

2Ga + 6HCl (200°C) → 2GaCl3 + 3H2

Gallium(III) chloride can be made by direct reaction between the elements but hot gallium reacts with hydrogen chloride gas to form gallium(III) chloride in a reaction that does not require the use of chlorine gas. The product sublimes away and the yield is nearly quantitative based upon gallium. The product is a hygroscopic white crystalline solid whose m.p. is 76°C. It sublimes easily under reduced pressures below the melting point.

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of gallium: 4 coordinate: tetrahedral
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of digallium hexachloride

Element analysis

Element percentages in digallium hexachloride
Element %
Cl 60.40
Ga 39.60

Isotope pattern for Ga2Cl6

THe chart below shows the calculated isotope pattern for the formula Ga2Cl6 with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Suppliers

Coming soon...

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

WebElements Shop

You can buy periodic table posters, mugs, T-shirts, fridge magnets, games, molecular models, and more at the WebElements shop