Gadolinium compounds: gadolinium trichloride

gadolinium symbol icon

The gadolinium in gadolinium trichloride formally is in the oxidation state 3.

Crystal structure of gadolinium trichloride

Gadolinium trichloride

  • Formula as often written: GdCl3
  • Hill system formula: Cl3Gd1
  • CAS registry number: [10138-52-0]
  • Formula weight: 263.608
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • gadolinium trichloride
  • gadolinium(III) chloride
  • gadolinium chloride

Physical properties

  • Colour: white
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 602°C; 609°C
  • Boiling point: 1580°C
  • Density: 4500 kg m-3

Suppliers

Coming soon...

Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in gadolinium trichloride
Element %
Cl 40.35
Gd 59.65

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of gadolinium: 9 coordinate: tricapped trigonal prismatic
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of gadolinium trichloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the GdCl3 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Gd1Cl3

mass  %
257   0.4 
258 0.0
259 4.6 __
260 28.4 ______________
261 43.5 ______________________
262 57.4 _____________________________
263 86.8 ___________________________________________
264 37.6 ___________________
265 100.0 __________________________________________________
266 10.2 _____
267 56.2 ____________________________
268 1.0
269 14.4 _______
270 0.0
271 1.4 _

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

WebElements Shop

WebElements now has a WebElements shop at which you can buy periodic table posters, mugs, T-shirts, games, fridge magnets, molecular models, and more.

Periodic Table fridge magnets Periodic Table fridge magnets
Buy our periodic table fridge magnets here

WebElements poster Periodic table t-shirts Periodic table mouse mats Molymod molecular model kits Chemistry educational resources

gadolinium atomic number