Cerium compounds: cerium trichloride trihydrate

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The cerium in cerium trichloride trihydrate formally is in the oxidation state 3.

Crystal structure of cerium trichloride trihydrate

Cerium trichloride trihydrate

  • Formula as often written: CeCl3.3H2O
  • Hill system formula: Ce1Cl3H6O3
  • CAS registry number: [114364-30-6]
  • Formula weight: 300.52
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • cerium trichloride trihydrate
  • cerium(III) chloride 3-water
  • cerium chloride 3-water
  • cerous chloride 3-water

Physical properties

  • Colour:
  • Appearance:
  • Melting point:
  • Boiling point:
  • Density:

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in cerium trichloride trihydrate
Element %
Ce 46.62
Cl 35.39
H 2.01
O 15.97

Synthesis

chloride aqua

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of cerium:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of cerium trichloride trihydrate

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the CeCl3.3H2O unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Ce1Cl3H6O3

mass  %
295   0.2 
296 0.0
297 0.4
298 0.0
299 91.9 ______________________________________________
300 0.2
301 100.0 __________________________________________________
302 0.2
303 39.7 ____________________
304 0.1
305 6.8 ___
306 0.0
307 0.4

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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cerium atomic number