Cadmium compounds: cadmium dichloride

cadmium symbol icon

The cadmium in cadmium dichloride formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Crystal structure of cadmium dichloride

Cadmium dichloride

  • Formula as often written: CdCl2
  • Hill system formula: Cd1Cl2
  • CAS registry number: [10108-64-2]
  • Formula weight: 183.316
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • cadmium dichloride
  • cadmium(II) chloride
  • cadmium chloride

Physical properties

  • Colour: white
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 568°C
  • Boiling point: 970°C
  • Density: 4080 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in cadmium dichloride
Element %
Cd 61.32
Cl 38.68

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of cadmium: 6 coordinate: octahedral
  • Prototypical structure: CdCl2

Crystal structure of cadmium dichloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the CdCl2 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Cd1Cl2

mass  %
176   2.8 _
177 0.0
178 3.7 __
179 0.0
180 29.0 ______________
181 28.2 ______________
182 70.9 ___________________________________
183 44.9 ______________________
184 100.0 __________________________________________________
185 20.1 __________
186 62.4 _______________________________
187 2.8 _
188 17.0 ________
189 0.0
190 1.7 _

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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cadmium atomic number