Beryllium compounds: beryllium difluoride

beryllium symbol icon

The beryllium in beryllium difluoride formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Crystal structure of beryllium difluoride

Beryllium difluoride

  • Formula as often written: BeF2
  • Hill system formula: Be1F2
  • CAS registry number: [7787-49-7]
  • Formula weight: 47.009
  • Class: fluoride

Synonyms

  • beryllium difluoride
  • beryllium(II) fluoride
  • beryllium fluoride

Physical properties

  • Colour:
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 552°C
  • Boiling point: 1169°C; 800°C
  • Density: 2100 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in beryllium difluoride
Element %
Be 19.17
F 80.83

Synthesis

Beryllium fluoride can be made by the thermolysis of ammonium beryllium fluoride, (NH4)2BeF4 - a beryylium complex made by the reaction of BeO with NH4F..

(NH4)2BeF4 (heat) → BeF2(s) + 2NH4F(s)

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of beryllium: 4 coordinate: tetrahedral
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of beryllium difluoride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the BeF2 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Be1F2

mass  %
47 100.0 __________________________________________________

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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beryllium atomic number