Barium compounds: barium dibromide

barium symbol icon

The barium in barium dibromide formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Crystal structure of barium dibromide

Barium dibromide

  • Formula as often written: BaBr2
  • Hill system formula: Ba1Br2
  • CAS registry number: [10553-31-8]
  • Formula weight: 297.135
  • Class: bromide

Synonyms

  • barium dibromide
  • barium(II) bromide
  • barium bromide

Physical properties

  • Colour: white
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 857°C
  • Boiling point: 1835°C
  • Density: 4781 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in barium dibromide
Element %
Ba 46.22
Br 53.78

Synthesis

Barium bromide is made by the neutralization of barium carbonate with HBr in water. The product crystallizes as the hydrate BaBr2.2H2O [7791-28-8] which must be heated to make anhydrous BaBr2.

BaCO3 + 2HBr(aq) → BaBr2(aq)

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of barium:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of barium dibromide

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the BaBr2 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Ba1Br2

mass  %
288   0.1 
289 0.0
290 0.2
291 0.0
292 1.9 _
293 4.5 __
294 8.6 ____
295 16.4 ________
296 60.8 ______________________________
297 19.1 __________
298 100.0 __________________________________________________
299 7.2 ____
300 46.2 _______________________

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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barium atomic number