Cobalt: bond enthalpies in gaseous diatomic species

The bond energy in the gaseous diatomic species CoCo is 167 ±25 kJ mol-1.

The following values refer to neutral heterodiatomic molecules in the gas phase. These numbers may well differ considerably from, say, single bond energies in a solid. All values are given in kJ mol-1.

Table of diatomic CoX bond enthalpies. All values are quoted in kJ mol-1. Each formula in the table (CoO, CoF, and so on) is a link - select these to see visual periodicity representations for bond enthalpies involving cobalt to elements of your choice.

Period 1

CoH             CoHe
226 ±42              

Period 2

CoLi CoBe CoB CoC CoN CoO CoF CoNe
          384.5 ±13.4 435 ±63  

Period 3

CoNa CoMg CoAl CoSi CoP CoS CoCl CoAr
      276 ±17   331 389  

Period 4

CoK CoCa CoGa CoGe CoAs CoSe CoBr CoKr
      234 ±21     331 ±42  

Period 5

CoRb CoSr CoIn CoSn CoSb CoTe CoI CoXe
            285 ±21  

Period 6

CoCs CoBa CoTl CoPb CoBi CoPo CoAt CoRn

Period 7

CoFr CoRa            


I am grateful to Professor J.A. Kerr (University of Birmingham, UK) for the provision of the bond strengths of diatomic molecules data.

The values given here are at 298 K. All values are quoted in kJ mol-1. Generally, these data were obtained by spectroscopic or mass spectrometric means. You should consult reference 1 for further details. A note of caution: the strength of, say, the C-H bond in the gaseous diatomic species CH (not an isolable species) is not necessarily, the same as the strength of a C-H bond in, say, methane.

The strongest bond for a diatomic species is that of carbon monoxide, CO (1076.5 ± 0.4 kJ mol-1). The strongest bond for a homonuclear diatomic species is that of dinitrogen, N2 (945.33 ± 0.59 kJ mol-1).


  1. J.A. Kerr in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 1999-2000 : A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, D.R. Lide, (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 81st edition, 2000.

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cobalt atomic number